Referencing, in other words, can be stated as a citation. The citation includes displaying the source of your notions, facts, and opinions. It is not about attribution, which is usually used to describe the authorship of words and ideas. It seems that citation is a far more difficult task because it has to consider the author, source, language, subject, and time. Taking care of all these factors when citing is essential. The purpose of referencing is to provide your readers with the details of what is used in your work. The most effective referencing is done using a reference list of sources or bibliography. It is also crucial for your references to be listed correctly, with the most recent study being listed first.
Reason for reference
Providing references give your work an "audit trail." All of these sources are available to the reader and make it clear that you have consulted them and that they are reliable. If some reader wants to gain more information about the work, they can refer to the references you have provided and refer to your sources. There are many ways you can reference your work, but the general or basic rule of referencing is as follows:
An in-text reference is close to the source, mentioning the author, date, and, if possible, page, with a list of full references at the end of the work.
Create footnotes or even endnotes with a number superscripted or bracketed in the text and the reference at the bottom of the page or end of the work.
List of references and a bibliography difference:
References denote citations of your work that you have referred to in the body element of your work or thesis or dissertation.
The bibliography is a long list of all the works you have referred to understand your topic in-depth, but it is unnecessary that you might have referred to them for your work.
When should you give a reference?
Certain information is regarded as a standard domain that will not require referencing. References are required in the circumstances such as:
If you are using someone else's notion.
If you are referring to a piece of research, a theory, argument, etc., for your work.
Reference is needed when you quote specific pieces of information that someone else has researched for their work or written up, such as statistical data, case studies, etc.
Quote the author if you use their work or words directly or paraphrase their creation and use. Giving them their credit is necessary.
Styles of referencing
There are various ways of referencing such as:
The author-date system (also called the Harvard system) is used in social sciences.
The numerical system (also called the Vancouver system) is widely used in humanities.
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